The Trolley


Written by Sindhuja Darisipudi. Edited by Tanae Rao and Shreya Saha.

Artwork by Aerielle Ong.

October 10th, 2019, 1:40 PM: I shuffled my way into my school’s Theory of Knowledge (TOK) classroom, where my classmates and I were met with that day’s activity: working our way through variations of “The Trolley Problem”. The Trolley Problem, developed by Philippa Foot, highlights one of the most pressing ethical conflicts: utilitarianism versus deontological ethics. In its simplest and most popular form, The Trolley Problem can be summarised as follows:

This is A Call-Out Post


Written by Lindsay Moffatt. Edited by William Arent and Amelia Zawadzka.

Artwork by Coleen Nunag.

As a society, we often assume that pollution only became an issue post-industrial revolution which was in the late 18th century, but that is not the case. An example of even earlier anti-pollution regulations is King Edward I of England’s attempt to ban the burning of sea-coal in the 13th century (, 2020). In today’s climate, both literal and political, the most relevant forms of pollution are carbon emissions and ocean plastic, since they have the most devastating effects on the environment and are generally the most obvious. However, the world is not equally contributing to these issues, some countries are polluting much more than others.  This is a call-out post.